It Is Worse Than You Think

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In this blog post, I will discuss the Paris Climate Agreement and assess its successes and failures.

I will first describe the points of the Paris Accord and in conjunction raise some of the problems that it fails to address, namely the tragedy of the commons problem. I will also look at its problems with (1) answerability and (2) enforceability.

These are prescient problems due to the gravity of climate change which I will also establish. Then I will analyze deep ecology and ecofeminism in relation to the Paris Agreement and sustainable development.

The Paris Climate Agreement

In 2015, 196 nations agreed to collectively…


Animal Diversity is Coming to an End

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NOTE: This is the 2nd part of my analysis of “The End of the Wild” which incidentally is also the title of Stephen Meyer’s book. If you wish to read the 1st part, here's a link:

Before addressing the predominant environmental narrative in Meyer’s book, I want to briefly address the weaknesses of Meyer’s analysis. One notable problem with Meyer’s analysis is its brevity. This does not necessarily need to be a problem because the book functions as an introduction to many of these ecological problems. …


Animal Diversity is Coming to an End

In this blog post, I will analyze Stephen M. Meyer’s book, The End of the Wild.

First, I will highlight Meyer’s thesis and outline the reasoning of the book, paying particular attention to the arguments that work in Meyer’s favor. Then I will look at the environmental narrative Meyer takes in his book, namely anthropocentrism.

The situation is much worse than you think.

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The End of the Wild

The central thesis of The End of the Wild is that the world is beyond repair and that many species will inevitably go extinct despite our efforts of preserving them. …


A Comparative Analysis of Deep Ecology and Ecofeminism

Since Brazil’s election of the right-wing populist, Jair Bolsonaro, in 2018, the condition of the Amazon rainforest has worsened.

According to some estimates, 17% of the Amazon has been lost by 2018. In 2019, the National Institute for Space Research (NISR) estimated that 3,769 square miles had been destroyed in one year ‒ a 30 percent increase from 2018. In 2020, these figures went up by 50 percent in the first three months alone.

So, should we lose hope for the Amazon?

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In this blog post, I will briefly analyze Brazil’s deforestation of the Amazon rainforest with a focus on…


Do Muslim Women Need Saving?

I have been writing a series on political philosophy over the past few weeks. We have finally arrived to the 21st century where we discuss pluralism in society, particularly in relation to Islam and women’s rights.

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In this blog, I will particularly look at some of the core arguments from Lila Abu-Lughod’s book, Do Muslim Women Need Saving?

I will offer a systematic overview of the book and point out its strengths and weaknesses. In my view, Abu-Lughod effectively discusses some of the problems with Western universality and our conception of human rights, namely our certainty.

Together with Abu-Lughod, I…


Paying Attention to Social Media

It is no secret that we are living in an age that is dominated with misinformation. This is by no means a new phenomenon.

“We are the resource. We are worth more if we are addicted, distracted, outraged, narcissistic, attention-seeking, polarized, and misinformed, than when we are a thriving citizen or a healthy growing child.” — Tristan Harris

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It goes without saying that it is better to be alive now than it was at any other period in time for most of us across the Globe, even if we live in poorer conditions. At one point the black plague wiped…


Modernity is best described as the quest to control epistemic and existential uncertainty with more empirical modes of knowledge in contrast to what we may think of as superstitious or spiritual knowledge.

Two features of modernity stand out above the rest: universality and rationality; unfortunately, they have been as destructive as they have been influential.

Let me tell you how.

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In this blog post, I will analyze Enrique Dussel’s discussion of modernity in The Invention of the Americas and contrast it with M. Jacqui Alexander’s analysis of Afro-Caribbean spirituality in Pedagogies of Crossing. I will first explore two core features…


The Truth is Quite Simple

The primary reason I believe Sanders has Democratic Socialist, rather than Marxist, political thinking is because of his emphasis on legal institutions, democracy, and civil society. Marxism instead stresses for revolution and drastic change.

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I have written about Marxism and alienation, how Marx questions our reality, and what Marx thinks about political emancipation. Certainly, Bernie Sanders has benefited from the political philosophy of Marx. However, he is much more moderate and his insights rely on Democratic Socialism primarily.

Let me briefly show you how.

Sanders & Economic Productivity

Sanders argues that because of the economic productivity of the United States, each citizen should be…


Why Freedom is so Important for Everyday Life

John Stuart Mill’s On Liberty addresses a crucial question to living in a polity: can the rulers in place restrict your freedom in exchange for the collective good?

Mill’s ‘Harm Principle’ answers this question directly, stating that we should be allowed to do something unless we are doing harm to others.

I believe that principle is invaluable for any polity today.

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As an empiricist, Mill values pluralism or what he calls the “experiments of living” because of the value different individuals provide to one another in any given polity.

For Mill, individuals are “free to form opinions” as they wish…


How to Move Forward & Not Make the Mistakes of the Past

I have written about what Immanuel Kant thought about the Enlightenment in Europe. But I wanted to also explore the guidance Hegel brought to the Enlightenment.

Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel was a German philosopher of the 18th and 19th centuries. His philosophy primarily relates to the field that regular folk, such as myself, rarely access: ontology and phenomenology. However, his influence is hard to understate. In fact, according to Karl Barth, Hegel is the “Protestant Aquinas.”

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“[A]ll the great philosophical ideas of the past century — the philosophies of Marx and Nietzsche, phenomenology, German existentialism, and psychoanalysis — had their…

Author of “Up in the Air: Christianity, Atheism & the Global Problems of the 21st Century” on AMAZON | Exploring Ethical Living | IG: jakub.ferencik.official

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